Psychological Violence, Mobbing and Facts Requiring Awareness

30.06.2020 | Lal Kavcar

What is violence? I’m sure something happened in your mind from the first time you heard it. If we look at the figurative meaning rather than its first meaning in the dictionary, it is defined as “excessive for emotion or behavior, using brute force instead of convincing or reconciling those who are in opposition”. Is violence necessarily physically implemented? Today, many organizations are preparing to build their missions and visions on the Society 5.0 Philosophy ; Today, many organizations have adopted this philosophy.

No matter how you name it, but do not ignore the truth. Not all bad behaviours are mobbing. For an attitude or behaviour to be considered as mobbing, it must meet certain conditions, in other words, it must contain mobbing elements. So, what is mobbing? Today, mobbing is the psychological pressure that one or a few people exert on another person, systematically exerted by hostile and moral ethical methods. I say these days because many people are exposed to such actions when they do not meet this definition. Someone among us has revealed that such a definition exists and revealed it because we could not cope with a phenomenon that we are not able to describe, right?

If you raise your head a little and pay attention to what is happening around you, you can come across people with this definition. Maybe your immediate environment, maybe your business environment or maybe even you. Of course, our job is not with stereotypes and dogmatic thoughts that are thought to be true. To address this issue in depth, creating awareness will be very effective in the first place. We need awareness. How? The house you live, the job you work, the school you study should be in a deep observation wherever there is a human factor in short and we should provide this awareness first. First, it should not be forgotten that, in Article 417 of the Code of Obligations No. 6098, arrangements have been made to protect both the personality of the worker and the integrity of life and body.

In the article, the provisions of the employer-employee service relationship are obliged to protect the personality of the worker, to show respect, to maintain an order in accordance with the principles of honesty in the workplace, especially for the workers not to suffer psychological harassment and to prevent further damage to those who have experienced such harassment. When the individuals from the family, which is the smallest building block of the society, are exposed to the phenomenon that we call “Mobbing” in any form, it causes physical and psychological health deterioration in the individual. If we take a more sensitive and holistic approach to this issue. “Mobbing” situation has some consequences for any institution or organization. If one or more employees are exposed to mobbing in an institution or organization, it will cause a decrease in the performance of employees who are exposed to mobbing and witness this situation.

This fact will bring with it many consequences such as the deterioration of employee manager relations, the decrease in loyalty in the institution or organization, as a result of which the resignations increase, the loss of qualified people and the name of the institution or institution are damaged. If it is necessary to go directly through and through a wider window, this will seriously harm the country’s economy and reputation.

It is possible for mobbing to be in any private or public workplace. Mobbing can be horizontal or vertical, depending on the hierarchical structure and organizational culture chosen by the workplace. In work environments, from the upper levels to the lower levels, or from the lower levels to the upper levels, the psychological violence, vertical while it is said, psychological violence applied among those with equal status is called horizontal violence. some behaviours are basic examples of psychological violence in the workplace. These are;

  • To accuse the employee of not making enough effort,
  • To accuse and humiliate the employee,
  • Overloading work, demanding the completion of work in unreasonable periods
  • To give jobs to the employee that are not related to their duties or fail,
  • Not allowing him to explain his thoughts about work,
  • Insulting or humiliating third parties, such as colleagues or customers,
  • Threatening to be fired,
  • Not notifying the employee of the meetings that are required,
  • Spreading rumours or gossiping about the employee,
  • To assign simple or little duties to the employee,
  • Making implications about the mental health of the employee. As can be listed

So, what is the impact of all this on employee success and how can it be prevented? In front of all this attitude, employees are influenced in many ways as mobbing witnesses, especially following mobbing. Mobbing harms the sense of integrity and self in the professional field. It increases the doubts of the individual towards him. She experiences paranoia or confusion. The person loses his / her self-confidence and can be isolated from the society. He experiences feelings of restlessness, embarrassment, and anger. What should the person exposed to mobbing do? First, Mobbing is not a concept clearly stated in Turkish laws, so its proof and provability is difficult. but they can be done outside the legal process; The person who applies mobbing should be clearly warned and appealed, to prove this situation and to have people to testify from your colleagues for your safety. If the person you are suffering from is in a position equal to you, if you are a superior, your superior is to report to the board of directors or human rights with evidence and to seek medical and psychological help if necessary. legally defined rights if they are not effective and cannot produce solutions; The workers’ contract can be terminated on justifiable grounds. It has the right to demand discrimination compensation if the conditions are met.